Powered by vietnamfoodtour.com

Difference of cuisine in Vietnam region

Difference of cuisine in Vietnam regionVietnamese cuisine is a style of cooking derived from Vietnam with fish sauce, soy sauce, rice, fresh herbs, fruits and vegetables all commonly used. Vietnamese recipes utilize a diverse range of herbs, including lemongrass, mint, Vietnamese mint, long coriander and Thai basil leaves. Traditional Vietnamese cooking is greatly admired for freshness of the ingredients and for the healthy eating style.

Regional variations

As a whole, Vietnamese cuisine contains strong influences mainly from Cantonese cooking with a bit of a French twist to it. This is because unlike many other Indochinese nations, which are strongly influences by the culture of India, Vietnam is the only country in which Chinese-like cultures remained strong, since that it was first ruled by China for at least a thousand years, followed by control from France centuries later for a hundred years. However, depending on the region, it can be divided into three categories, each pertaining to a distinct geographical region. With Northern Vietnam being the cradle of Vietnamese civilization, many of Vietnam's most notable dishes such as phở and bánh cuốn can trace their origin to the North.[citation needed] Northern cuisine is more traditional and less diverse in choosing spices and ingredients.

The cuisine of South Vietnam has historically been influenced by the influx of southern Chinese immigrants, French colonists and other nationalities. Southerners prefer sweet flavors in many dishes.[citation needed] As a region of perhaps greater diversity in terms of external influences, the South's cuisine uses a wider variety of herbs.

The cuisine of Central Vietnam is distinct from the cuisines of both the Northern and Southern regions in its use of many small side dishes. For a while the country was ruled from Huế in Central Vietnam, so that most of the dishes were made small and dedicated to the kings. Compared to its counterparts, its cuisine is more spicy.

The most common meats used in Vietnamese cuisine are beef, pork, chicken, fish, and various kinds of seafood. The Vietnamese also have a strong vegetarian tradition influenced by Buddhist values.

One most common French influence is the use of baguettes in Vietnamese meals. Vietnamese sandwiches are traditionally made with baguettes, and sometimes soups such as ca-ri are served with a baguette on the side

Cooking techniques

  • Chien: fried dishes.
  • Xao: Stir fry, sautéing.
  • Kho:Stew, braised dishes.
    • Kho kho:Literally dried stew (until the sauce thickens).
  • Ham: boiling with spices or other ingredients over a long period of time.
  • Rim: Simmering.
  • Luoc: boiling with water, usually applied to fresh vegetables and pork.
  • Hap:steamed dishes.
  • Canh: Clear broth soups.
  • Om:Clay pot cooking of Northern style.
  • Goi:Salad dishes.
  • Nuong:Grilled dishes.
    • Nuong xien: Skewered dishes.
  • Bam:Sauteed mixed of chopped ingredients.
  • Chao:congee dishes.
  • Roti: Roasting meat then bring to a simmer.
  • Quay: Roasted dishes.
  • Lau: hot pot dishes.

Other Vietnamese Foods